Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Custom Adv 1

The history of Probation work in Kenya dates back to the colonial period when Kenya was under British colonial rule. Kenya came under the British rule in 1895, which was ten years after the Berlin Conference that saw the division of East Africa into European territories. The resistance to colonial rule by different communities became a continuous fight for freedom that led to the arrest and imprisonment of many Africans, mostly men. A committee appointed by the colonial government in 1941 to consider the introduction of a system of Probation to the Kenya Colony was formed. The reason for wanting to introduce a Probation system in Kenya was to remedy the swelling prison population and to deal with petty offenders.

The following year, in 1942, a report was published recommending the institution of a Probation system in Kenya starting with the Nairobi region. The same year, in 1942, the Mau Mau Movement was formed uniting several communities against the colonial rule. This saw the arrest and imprisonment of many Africans, thus increasing the pressure of the already overcrowded prisons. As a result, it was inevitable that a Probation system was required to ease the congested prisons and supervise offenders who had committed less serious crimes.

In 1943, the first Probation Ordinance was promulgated, but it was not until 1946 that the Probation function commenced. The development of Probation work went through many phases as it was influnced by developments during the colonial and post-colonial period in Kenya. At first, the Probation function supervised women and children who had been placed on Probation for committing minor offences in Nairobi region only. However, with time the functions and jurisdiction of Probation Service have increased as Courts make extensive use of non-custodial measures to in placing offenders on Probation.

Probation and Aftercare Service continued to grow and now has presence in all 47 Counties in Kenya with its headquarters in Nairobi City. The workforce of Probation Officers constitutes graduates with a background in law, sociology, criminology, social work, psychology and such related social science disciplines. Their main role is to provide advisory reports to courts and other penal release organs, and to effect supervision of court orders for those offenders put under statutory supervision in the community.

Our Contacts

Probation and Aftercare Service Headquarters
Taifa Road, Reinsurance Plaza, 11th Floor
P. O. Box 42335-00100 GPO, Nairobi - Kenya.
Phone: +254-020-3311303
Fax: +254-020-2240059